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Matthieu Lauras

Maître-Assistant HDR
Directeur adjoint, Enseignant-Chercheur
Présent : OUI
05 63 49 32 16
Bureau 1A02B
Mots-clés : 
Chaîne logistique | Coopération | Evaluation de performances | Humanitaire
Axes : 
  • Axe 1 : IO

Publications significatives

  • A method to select a successful interoperability solution through a simulation approach

    Références :
    François Galasso, Yves Ducq, Matthieu Lauras, Didier Gourc et Mamadou Camara. « A method to select a successful interoperability solution through a simulation approach ». In : Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing 27.1 (févr. 2016). P. 217--229. ISSN : 0956-5515, 1572-8145. DOI : 10.1007/s10845-014-0889-4.
    Enterprise applications and software systems need to be interoperable in order to achieve seamless business across organizational boundaries and thus realize virtual networked organizations. Our proposition can be considered as an interoperability project selection approach and is based on three steps: (1) Modelling both collaborative business processes and potential related interoperability projects; (2) Evaluating the accessibility of each project regarding the current state of the organization; (3) Simulating each project and assessing the associated performance. These results are finally projected on a comparison matrix used as a decision support to select the most appropriate interoperability solution. An application case extracted from the French aerospace sector demonstrates the applicability and the benefits of the proposition.
    Keywords: Collaborative network, Control, Robotics, Mechatronics, Decision support system, Interoperability, Manufacturing, Machines, Tools, Performance measurement system, Production/Logistics/Supply Chain, Simulation
  • Impact of the integration of tactical supply chain planning determinants on performance

    Références :
    Uche Okongwu, Matthieu Lauras, Julien François et Jean-Christophe Deschamps. « Impact of the integration of tactical supply chain planning determinants on performance ». In : Journal of Manufacturing Systems 38 (janv. 2016). P. 181--194. ISSN : 02786125. DOI : 10.1016/j.jmsy.2014.10.003.
    In fulfilling customers’ orders, one of the goals of tactical supply chain planning is to satisfy the customers in terms of delivery efficiency, delivery quantity accuracy and on-time delivery. These performance objectives can be impacted by the way firms plan each of the three phases of the supply chain: procurement, production and distribution. Though the link between each of these phases and supply chain performance has been studied in extant literature, very few authors have considered all three phases at the same time. By adopting an integrated approach, this paper therefore aims to study the manner in which, taken together in one model, the planning determinants of the different phases impact on supply chain performance. It is important for managers to understand, from a holistic and integrated perspective, how a given combination of the planning determinants of the supply chain functions impacts positively or negatively on the performance of the supply chain. To carry out this study, this paper starts by proposing an integrated framework that is based on the SCOR model and the customer order decoupling point (CODP), followed by a five-step methodology for tactical supply chain planning. Then, using an analytical model and simulations, and based on a numerical example, it shows how the proposed methodology can be applied in a given decision-making situation. Our results enabled to identify the worst and the best combinations of planning determinants.
    Keywords: Decoupling point, Performance analysis, SCOR model, Simulation, supply chain management, Tactical planning
  • A decision support system for robust humanitarian facility location

    Références :
    Jorge Vargas Florez, Matthieu Lauras, Uche Okongwu et Lionel Dupont. « A decision support system for robust humanitarian facility location ». In : Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 46, Part B (nov. 2015). P. 326--335. ISSN : 0952-1976. DOI : 10.1016/j.engappai.2015.06.020.
    Each year, more than 400 natural disasters hit the world. To be more responsive, humanitarians organize stocks of relief items. It is an issue to know the quantity of items to be stored and where they should be positioned. Many authors have tried to address this issue both in industrial and humanitarian environments. However, humanitarian supply chains today do not perform correctly, particularly as regards resilience and efficiency. This is mainly due to the fact that when a disaster occurs, some hazards can strongly impact the network by destroying some resources or collapsing infrastructure. The expected performance of the relief response is consequently strongly decreased. The problem statement of our research work consists in proposing a decision-making support model in artificial intelligence dedicated to the humanitarian world and capable of designing a coherent network that is still able to adequately manage the response to a disaster despite failures or inadequacies of infrastructure and potential resources. This contribution is defined through a Stochastic Multi-Scenarios Program as a core and a set of extensions. A real-life application case based on the design of a humanitarian supply chain in Peru is developed in order to highlight the benefits and limits of the proposition.
    Keywords: efficiency, Facility location, Humanitarian supply chain, Pre-positioning, Resilience, Stochastic Multi-Scenarios Program
  • Towards a better management of complex emergencies through crisis management meta-modelling

    Références :
    Matthieu Lauras, Sébastien Truptil et Frédérick Bénaben. « Towards a better management of complex emergencies through crisis management meta-modelling ». In : Disasters 39.4 (1er oct. 2015). P. 687--714. ISSN : 1467-7717. DOI : 10.1111/disa.12122.
    Managing complex emergency situations is a challenging task, mainly due to the heterogeneity of the partners involved and the critical nature of such events. Whatever approach is adopted to support this objective, one unavoidable issue is knowledge management. In the context of our research project, gathering, formalising and exploiting all the knowledge and information about a given crisis situation is a critical requirement. This paper presents some research results concerning this specific topic: from a theoretical point of view, the generic dimensions of crisis characterisation are defined, while from a technical point of view, we describe a software solution able to collect that knowledge (based on meta-models and ontologies). This is used to confront the characteristics of the situation (context) with characteristics of the resources (relief system) in order to design a suitable response. Finally, an illustrative example concerning a crash between a tanker truck and a train is described.
    Keywords: complex emergency, crisis management, knowledge-based reasoning, meta-modelling, Ontology
  • Event-cloud platform to support decision-making in emergency management

    Références :
    Matthieu Lauras, Frédérick Bénaben, Sébastien Truptil et Aurélie Charles. « Event-cloud platform to support decision-making in emergency management ». In : Information Systems Frontiers 17.4 (août 2015). P. 857--869. ISSN : 1387-3326, 1572-9419. DOI : 10.1007/s10796-013-9475-0.
    The challenge of this paper is to underline the capability of an Event-Cloud Platform to support efficiently an emergency situation. We chose to focus on a nuclear crisis use case. The proposed approach consists in modeling the business processes of crisis response on the one hand, and in supporting the orchestration and execution of these processes by using an Event-Cloud Platform on the other hand. This paper shows how the use of Event-Cloud techniques can support crisis management stakeholders by automatizing non-value added tasks and by directing decision-makers on what really requires their capabilities of choice. If Event-Cloud technology is a very interesting and topical subject, very few research works have considered this to improve emergency management. This paper tries to fill this gap by considering and applying these technologies on a nuclear crisis use-case.
    Keywords: Business process modeling, Cloud-computing, Complex-event processing, Decision-making support, Emergency management, IT in Business, Management of Computing and Information Systems, Operations Research/Decision Theory, Service-oriented architecture, Systems Theory, Control
  • Towards a crisis performance-measurement system

    Références :
    Carine Rongier, Matthieu Lauras, François Galasso et Didier Gourc. « Towards a crisis performance-measurement system ». In : International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 26.11 (1er nov. 2013). P. 1087--1102. ISSN : 0951-192X. DOI : 10.1080/0951192X.2012.684711.
    During a crisis, the main goal for decision-makers consists in restoring a stabilised nominal mode. The stakeholders face considerable pressure and drastic constraints in response time and coordination. This study proposes a method to support these stakeholders in making responsive and accurate decisions while carrying out a performance evaluation of the activities that run during the crisis-response process. This method is composed of four steps: (1) characterisation of the crisis-response system, (2) selection of system components to evaluate in priority, (3) determination of performance dimensions to consider and (4) creation of indicators. Currently, performance evaluation is only used subsequent to a crisis, due to difficulties in gathering and aggregating information into trustable performance indicators. This paper proposes a method to obtain a relevant and dynamic decision-support system. Decision-makers will use it to resolve the crisis based on performance evaluation, in addition to the essential experience they undergo. A case study of crisis management within the French Red Cross non-governmental organisation is developed, through a Web-based prototype, in order to explain how performance indicators can both support crisis-response management and improve the collaboration of stakeholders.
    Keywords: crisis management, disaster management, humanitarian organisation process, management, metrics, performance assessment, performance indicators, performance-measurement system, supply chain performance
  • A decision support system for optimising the order fulfilment process

    Références :
    Uche Okongwu, Matthieu Lauras, Lionel Dupont et Vérane Humez. « A decision support system for optimising the order fulfilment process ». In : Production Planning & Control 23.8 (2012). P. 581--598. ISSN : 0953-7287. DOI : 10.1080/09537287.2011.566230.
    Many authors have highlighted gaps at the interfaces between supply chains (SCs) and demand chains. Generally, the latter tends primarily to be 'agile' by maximising effectiveness and responsiveness while the former tends to be 'lean' by maximising efficiency. When, in the SC, disruptions (that lead to stock-out situations) occur after customer orders have been accepted, managers are faced with the problem of maximising customer satisfaction while taking into consideration the conflicting objectives of the supply and demand sides of the order fulfilment process. This article proposes a cross-functional multi-criteria decision-making (advanced available-to-promise) tool that provides different strategic options from which a solution can be chosen. It also proposes a performance measurement system to support the decision-making and improvement process. The results of some experimental tests show that the model enables to make strategic decisions on the degree of flexibility required to achieve the desired level of customer service.
    Keywords: Advanced available-to-promise, agility, Demand chain, Lean, Order fulfilment process, Supply chain
  • Multi-criteria performance analysis for decision making in project management

    Références :
    Guillaume Marques, Didier Gourc et Matthieu Lauras. « Multi-criteria performance analysis for decision making in project management ». In : International Journal of Project Management 29.8 (déc. 2011). P. 1057--1069. ISSN : 0263-7863. DOI : 10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.10.002.
    This study is focused on decision support in the context of product and service development projects. Decision support requires the capacity to characterize the current state of the project (performance evaluation) and the decision-maker's point of view. However, the different projects' stakeholders do not have the same needs in terms of performance evaluation to support their decision-making processes. Furthermore, in some cases controlling project performance using the elementary components of the Iron Triangle (Cost, Time and Quality) alone seems inefficient. This paper proposes a new multi-dimensional Project Performance Measurement System that would enable managers to deal with the volume of data. The proposition integrates the only character of each project (tasks, objectives, decision-makers personality and competences), several good practices in terms of universal project management dimensions on the one hand, and in terms of performance analysis on the other hand. Then, we show how an aggregation tool called MACBETH is used to analyze the performance measures according to project managers' own performance interests. A case study illustrates the proposed system. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. and IPMA. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: Decision support systems, efficiency, macbeth, model, Multiple criteria analysis, Performance measurement system, Project management, Project performance, system
  • An enterprise modelling approach for better optimisation modelling: application to the humanitarian relief chain coordination problem

    Références :
    Humanitarian supply chains (HSC) can be considered a new research area. The number of applied scientific publications has considerably increased over the past 15 years. About half of this research work uses quantitative techniques as optimisation decision-support systems. But due to the recentness of this academic area, researchers are finding it difficult to develop accurate, and above all, reliable mathematical models to support their steps towards improvement. This is particularly true concerning the crucial problems of coordination in HSCs. This paper tackles the issue by developing an original quantitative modelling support method. Based on enterprise modelling methodologies, we propose a business process modelling approach that helps in understanding, analysing, evaluating and then developing the formal expression of an HSC. Such a model, therefore, clearly has an added value for practitioners and should enable relevant quantitative models to be produced. Finally, an application on the emergency response processes of the International Federation of Red Cross is detailed in order to validate the relevance and the applicability of our proposal. This experiment allows all the variables and parameters that should be useful for improving the efficiency of the network to be identified.
    Keywords: Coordination, disaster relief, Enterprise modelling, Humanitarian supply chains, logistics, management, Optimisation modelling, or/ms, Relief chains
  • A model to define and assess the agility of supply chains: building on humanitarian experience

    Références :
    Aurélie Charles, Matthieu Lauras et Luk Van Wassenhove. « A model to define and assess the agility of supply chains: building on humanitarian experience ». In : International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 40.8 (2010). P. 722--741. ISSN : 0960-0035. DOI : 10.1108/09600031011079355.
    Purpose - By constantly working in environments with high degree of uncertainty, humanitarian organizations end up becoming specialists in the implementation of agile systems. Their counterparts in profit-making organizations have a lot to learn from them in this domain. Volatility of demand, imbalance between supply and demand and disruptions are all factors that affect commercial supply chains and call for a high level of agility. The aims of this paper are twofold: first, to clearly define the concept of supply chain agility, and second, to build a model for assessing the level of agility of a supply chain. Design/methodology/approach - Three approaches are used in this research: literature review, case study and symbolic modeling. Findings - The paper developed first, a framework for defining supply chain agility and second, a model for assessing and improving the capabilities of humanitarian and commercial supply chains in terms of agility, based on an analysis of humanitarian approaches. Research limitations/implications - The model has been developed thanks to inputs from humanitarian practitioners and feedbacks from academics. The practical application to various humanitarian relief operations and commercial supply chains is yet to be done. Originality/value - This paper contributes significantly to clarifying the notion of supply chain agility. It also provides a consistent, robust and reproducible method of assessing supply chain agility, which seems appropriate for both humanitarian and business sectors. Finally, it is complementary to existant research on humanitarian logistics. It shows that though humanitarian professionals have a lot to learn from the private sector, the reverse is also true.
    Keywords: aid, Aid agencies, capabilities, definition, flexibility, Flexible organizations, modelling, supply chain management
  • Towards a multi-dimensional project Performance Measurement System

    Références :
    Matthieu Lauras, Guillaume Marques et Didier Gourc. « Towards a multi-dimensional project Performance Measurement System ». In : Decision Support Systems 48.2 (janv. 2010). P. 342--353. ISSN : 0167-9236. DOI : 10.1016/j.dss.2009.09.002.
    This paper discusses the difficulty of controlling a complex project caused by the great number of performance indicators. The problem studied is how to allow project managers to better control the performance of their projects. From a literature review we noted several critical aspects to this problem: there are many dimensions for evaluating project performance (cost, time, quality, risk, etc.); performance factors should be able to be relevantly aggregated for controlling the project, but no formalized tool exists to do this. We suggest a method to facilitate project performance analysis via a multi-criteria approach. The method focuses on three particular axes for the analysis of project performance: project task, performance indicator categories, and a breakdown of the performance triptych (Effectiveness. Efficiency, Relevance). Finally, the MACBETH method is used to aggregate performance expressions. An application case study examining a real project management situation is included to illustrate the implementation. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: decision-support, Decision support systems, Design, efficiency, macbeth, model, Multiple criteria analysis, Performance measurement system, Project management, Project performance

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