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Didier Gourc

Professor
Professor
Present : YES
05 63 49 32 15
Bureau 0A09
Keywords : 
Research Axes : 
  • Axis 1 : ORKID

Publications

  • A method to select a successful interoperability solution through a simulation approach

    References :
    François Galasso, Yves Ducq, Matthieu Lauras, Didier Gourc, and Mamadou Camara. « A method to select a successful interoperability solution through a simulation approach ». In: Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing 27.1 (Feb 2016). pp. 217--229. ISSN: 0956-5515, 1572-8145. DOI: 10.1007/s10845-014-0889-4.
    Enterprise applications and software systems need to be interoperable in order to achieve seamless business across organizational boundaries and thus realize virtual networked organizations. Our proposition can be considered as an interoperability project selection approach and is based on three steps: (1) Modelling both collaborative business processes and potential related interoperability projects; (2) Evaluating the accessibility of each project regarding the current state of the organization; (3) Simulating each project and assessing the associated performance. These results are finally projected on a comparison matrix used as a decision support to select the most appropriate interoperability solution. An application case extracted from the French aerospace sector demonstrates the applicability and the benefits of the proposition.
    Keywords: Collaborative network, Control, Robotics, Mechatronics, Decision support system, Interoperability, Manufacturing, Machines, Tools, Performance measurement system, Production/Logistics/Supply Chain, Simulation
  • Strategic decision-making in NPD projects according to risk: Application to satellites design projects

    References :
    François Marmier, Ioana Filipas Deniaud, and Didier Gourc. « Strategic decision-making in NPD projects according to risk: Application to satellites design projects ». In: Computers in Industry 65.8 (Oct 2014). pp. 1107--1114. DOI: 10.1016/j.compind.2014.06.001.
    In this paper we present a method for making strategic decisions in New Product Development (NPD) projects based on risks. In NPD the complexity of the process depends both on the nature of the design problem and the difficulties associated with managing the project (activities, risks). To design a complex product several different teams, having different competencies, work on the project. Not one among them controls the entire process. The interactions between product subsystems in NPD often lead to technological arbitration between alternative solutions. In selecting one solution over another, the risk management concerns and the overall project plan are affected. Therefore, the objective is to give the project Manager the means to evaluate the effects of strategic decisions, including those that influence the selection of technological solutions for the project plan as well as those for risk treatment strategies. We propose an integrated process that comprises design, project management and risk management. It takes into consideration the design activities and risk activities to generate a design project planning where design activities and risk activities are folded into the overall design project plan. During the process of project design two different types of strategies are required: one relates to the problem design, the other to the assessment of project risks. Each strategy leads to different possible scenarios. We present a decision tree that shows the decision steps and possible project scenarios. A generic decision support system is proposed. We demonstrate its applicability by applying it to a satellite design project. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: Complex product, Design project, Project planning, Risk management, Systems engineering
  • Plas'O'Soins: A software platform for modeling, planning and monitoring homecare activities

    References :
    Rémi Bastide, Pierre Bardy, Bernard Borrel, Catherine Boszodi, Marinette Bouet, Kahina Gani, Éric Gayraud, Didier Gourc, Elyes Lamine, Pierre-Henri Manenq, Michel Schneider, and Farouk Toumani. « Plas'O'Soins: A software platform for modeling, planning and monitoring homecare activities ». In: Irbm 35.2 (Apr 2014). pp. 82--87. ISSN: 1959-0318. DOI: 10.1016/j.irbm.2014.02.008.
    Demographic changes in recent years have contributed to a shift in care models, with the development of homecare as a new alternative to traditional hospitalization. We present a software platform dedicated to the modeling, planning and monitoring of homecare workflows, developed in the framework of the French research program TecSan. The platform is used on the desktop by care coordinators, and on the go by care workers using mobile devices. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
  • A risk oriented model to assess strategic decisions in new product development projects

    References :
    François Marmier, Didier Gourc, and Frédéric Laarz. « A risk oriented model to assess strategic decisions in new product development projects ». In: Decision Support Systems 56 (Dec 2013). pp. 74--82. ISSN: 0167-9236. DOI: 10.1016/j.dss.2013.05.002.
    The project management team has to respect contractual commitments: in terms of deadlines and budgets, that are often two antagonistic objectives. At the same time, the market becomes more and more demanding as far as costs and delays are concerned while expecting a high quality level. Then, the project management team has to continuously consider novelty and a risk management strategy in order to determine the best balance between benefits and risks. Based on the principles of a synchronized process between risk management and project management, and on the concepts of risk scenario, we propose a decision-making tool to help the project manager choose the best way to improve project success rate while controlling the level of risks. As a finding, the project manager would be able to evaluate and compare different novelties or development strategies taking into account their repercussions on potential risks and risk treatment strategies. Finally, a case study in the aerospace industry and specifically on satellite integration and tests is developed to validate this approach. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: Decision support system, management, Project planning, Project variant, Risk management, Scenarios, Treatment strategy
  • Towards a crisis performance-measurement system

    References :
    Carine Rongier, Matthieu Lauras, François Galasso, and Didier Gourc. « Towards a crisis performance-measurement system ». In: International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 26.11 (1er Nov 2013). pp. 1087--1102. ISSN: 0951-192X. DOI: 10.1080/0951192X.2012.684711.
    During a crisis, the main goal for decision-makers consists in restoring a stabilised nominal mode. The stakeholders face considerable pressure and drastic constraints in response time and coordination. This study proposes a method to support these stakeholders in making responsive and accurate decisions while carrying out a performance evaluation of the activities that run during the crisis-response process. This method is composed of four steps: (1) characterisation of the crisis-response system, (2) selection of system components to evaluate in priority, (3) determination of performance dimensions to consider and (4) creation of indicators. Currently, performance evaluation is only used subsequent to a crisis, due to difficulties in gathering and aggregating information into trustable performance indicators. This paper proposes a method to obtain a relevant and dynamic decision-support system. Decision-makers will use it to resolve the crisis based on performance evaluation, in addition to the essential experience they undergo. A case study of crisis management within the French Red Cross non-governmental organisation is developed, through a Web-based prototype, in order to explain how performance indicators can both support crisis-response management and improve the collaboration of stakeholders.
    Keywords: crisis management, disaster management, humanitarian organisation process, management, metrics, performance assessment, performance indicators, performance-measurement system, supply chain performance
  • A decision-making tool to maximize chances of meeting project commitments

    References :
    Trong-Hung Nguyen, François Marmier, and Didier Gourc. « A decision-making tool to maximize chances of meeting project commitments ». In: International Journal of Production Economics 142.2 (Apr 2013). pp. 214--224. ISSN: 0925-5273. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2010.11.023.
    The project management team has to respect contractual commitments, in terms of deadlines and budgets, that are often two antagonistic functions. Then, during the invitation to tender phase or when faced with a risk situation, it has to determine its risk management strategy. Based on the principles of a synchronized process between risk management and project management, we propose a decision-making tool to help the project manager choose the best risk treatment strategy. The methodology developed, called ProRisk, uses the concepts of risk scenario, treatment scenario and project scenario to determine the consequences of possible risks combined or not with preventive and/or corrective treatment actions. As a finding, the project manager is also able to indicate to the sales department if the financial and deadline conditions are sufficiently profitable with regard to the risks. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: Decision support, Project planning, Risk management, Scenarios, Treatment strategy
  • Innovative process engineering: a generic model of the innovation process

    References :
    Thomas Pénide, Didier Gourc, Hervé Pingaud, and Philippe Peillon. « Innovative process engineering: a generic model of the innovation process ». In: International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 26.3 (1er Mar 2013). pp. 183--200. ISSN: 0951-192X. DOI: 10.1080/0951192X.2012.717715.
    Innovation can be represented as a knowledge transformation process perceived with different levels of granularity. The milestones of this process allow assessment for its each step and set up feedback loops that will be highlighted. This innovation process is a good starting point to understand innovation and then to manage it. Best practices being patterns of processes, we describe innovation best practices as compulsory steps in our innovation process. To put into practice, the management of innovation in a concrete organisation, an alignment (in our case a mapping) between a repository of business processes and our typical innovation process, helps to describe which best practice applies to which business process.
    Keywords: alignment, best practices, bpm, business, innovation, modelling
  • A supply chain performance analysis of a pull inspired supply strategy faced to demand uncertainties

    References :
    Guillaume Marques, Jacques Lamothe, Caroline Thierry, and Didier Gourc. « A supply chain performance analysis of a pull inspired supply strategy faced to demand uncertainties ». In: Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing 23.1 (Feb 2012). pp. 91--108. ISSN: 0956-5515. DOI: 10.1007/s10845-009-0337-z.
    Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) is currently seen as a short-term replenishment pull system. Moreover, VMI is usually synonymous with a distribution context and stable demand. However, industrial partners are faced with uncertainty in the context of a B to B relationship. Thus, an adaptation of the actors' planning processes is needed and the question is posed of the interest of VMI in a context of uncertain demand. The purpose of this paper is firstly to analyze the link between VMI and pull logic. Secondly, we explore the extension of VMI notions to the relationship between industrial partners and we confront VMI with uncertain demand in terms of trend, vision of the trend and variability in order to verify the usual stable demand assumption. We also present an integration of VMI into a simulation tool called LogiRisk that we have developed for the evaluation of risks of in supply chain collaboration policies, and a small case study.
    Keywords: conwip, determinants, integration, mrp, outcomes, Pull, replenishment, Risk, Simulation, system, Uncertainty, Vendor Managed Inventory, vendor-managed inventory, vmi
  • Multi-criteria performance analysis for decision making in project management

    References :
    Guillaume Marques, Didier Gourc, and Matthieu Lauras. « Multi-criteria performance analysis for decision making in project management ». In: International Journal of Project Management 29.8 (Dec 2011). pp. 1057--1069. ISSN: 0263-7863. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.10.002.
    This study is focused on decision support in the context of product and service development projects. Decision support requires the capacity to characterize the current state of the project (performance evaluation) and the decision-maker's point of view. However, the different projects' stakeholders do not have the same needs in terms of performance evaluation to support their decision-making processes. Furthermore, in some cases controlling project performance using the elementary components of the Iron Triangle (Cost, Time and Quality) alone seems inefficient. This paper proposes a new multi-dimensional Project Performance Measurement System that would enable managers to deal with the volume of data. The proposition integrates the only character of each project (tasks, objectives, decision-makers personality and competences), several good practices in terms of universal project management dimensions on the one hand, and in terms of performance analysis on the other hand. Then, we show how an aggregation tool called MACBETH is used to analyze the performance measures according to project managers' own performance interests. A case study illustrates the proposed system. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. and IPMA. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: Decision support systems, efficiency, macbeth, model, Multiple criteria analysis, Performance measurement system, Project management, Project performance, system
  • A review of Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI): from concept to processes

    References :
    Guillaume Marques, Caroline Thierry, Jacques Lamothe, and Didier Gourc. « A review of Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI): from concept to processes ». In: Production Planning & Control 21.6 (2010). pp. 547--561. ISSN: 0953-7287. DOI: 10.1080/09537287.2010.488937.
    In the modern supplier-customer relationship, Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) is used to monitor the customer's inventory replenishment. Despite the large amount of literature on the subject, it is difficult to clearly define VMI and the main associated processes. Beyond the short-term pull system inventory replenishment often studied in academic works, partners have to share their vision of the demand, their requirements and their constraints in order to fix shared objectives for the medium/long-term. In other words, the integration of VMI implies consequences for the collaborative process that links each partner's different planning processes. In this article we propose a literature review of VMI. Based on the conceptual elements extracted from this analysis, we suggest a VMI macro-process that summarises both operational and collaborative elements of VMI.
    Keywords: collaboration, determinants, impact, information, model, operating parameters, optimization, replenishment, Risk, supply chain, supply chain management, system, Vendor Managed Inventory
  • Towards a multi-dimensional project Performance Measurement System

    References :
    Matthieu Lauras, Guillaume Marques, and Didier Gourc. « Towards a multi-dimensional project Performance Measurement System ». In: Decision Support Systems 48.2 (Jan 2010). pp. 342--353. ISSN: 0167-9236. DOI: 10.1016/j.dss.2009.09.002.
    This paper discusses the difficulty of controlling a complex project caused by the great number of performance indicators. The problem studied is how to allow project managers to better control the performance of their projects. From a literature review we noted several critical aspects to this problem: there are many dimensions for evaluating project performance (cost, time, quality, risk, etc.); performance factors should be able to be relevantly aggregated for controlling the project, but no formalized tool exists to do this. We suggest a method to facilitate project performance analysis via a multi-criteria approach. The method focuses on three particular axes for the analysis of project performance: project task, performance indicator categories, and a breakdown of the performance triptych (Effectiveness. Efficiency, Relevance). Finally, the MACBETH method is used to aggregate performance expressions. An application case study examining a real project management situation is included to illustrate the implementation. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Keywords: decision-support, Decision support systems, Design, efficiency, macbeth, model, Multiple criteria analysis, Performance measurement system, Project management, Project performance
  • Where do we stand with fuzzy project scheduling?

    References :
    Pierre Bonnal, Didier Gourc, and Germain Lacoste. « Where do we stand with fuzzy project scheduling? ». In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 130.1 (16 Jan 2004). pp. 114--123. ISSN: 0733-9364. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2004)130:1(114).
    Fuzzy project scheduling has interested several researchers in the past two decades; about 20 articles have been written on this issue. Contrary to stochastic project-scheduling approaches that are used by many project schedulers, and even if the axiomatic associated to the theory of probabilities is not always compatible with decision-making situations, fuzzy project-scheduling approaches that Are most suited to these situations have been kept in the academic sphere. This paper starts by recalling the differences one can observe between uncertainty and imprecision. Then most of the published research works that have been done in this field are summarized. Finally, a framework for addressing the resource-constrained fuzzy project-scheduling problem is proposed. This framework uses temporal linguistic descriptors, which might become very interesting features to the project-scheduling practitioners.
    Keywords: activity times, generalized activity networks, pert
  • A framework for a knowledge-based system for risk management in concurrent engineering

    References :
    Emmanuel Caillaud, Didier Gourc, Luis Antonio Garcia, Rose Crossland, and Chris McMahon. « A framework for a knowledge-based system for risk management in concurrent engineering ». In: Concurrent Engineering-Research and Applications 7.3 (Sep 1999). pp. 257--267. ISSN: 1063-293X. DOI: 10.1177/1063293X9900700307.
    Knowledge is a requirement for concurrent engineering, and therefore an approach to capture and organise the different knowledge to be taken into account in concurrent engineering is proposed. This approach, known as the "MEthodology for Knowledge Engineering for Concurrent Engineering" (MEKECE) is a dedicated application of knowledge engineering methodologies to concurrent engineering that involves a combination of case based reasoning and expert systems approaches aimed at managing risk. To manage concurrent engineering specific risks, the knowledge of the different tasks constituting product development must be captured and organised, and information on the causes of risks that have a threshold effect on time and on cost must be available in a convenient form for the participants in the process. The framework of this knowledge based system for risk management in concurrent engineering is presented.
    Keywords: concurrent engineering, Design, knowledge, knowledge based system, manufacturing, Risk management

Related Research Projects

  • Smart Planning

    Starting date : 11/01/2016 Ending date : 03/31/2021
    Intelligent planning of goods delivery rounds with the integration of health, safety, environmental and financial dimensions in delivery round planning for urban and regional goods distribution using a mixed fleet of clean vehicles and vehicles powered by other types of energy.

PhD Students